At present, there are about 2,000 Chinese living in Sudan, mainly in the capital Khartoum, Medani and Port Sudan. There are more than 100 Chinese companies with about 1,600 employees. Among them, CNPC is the Chinese company with the largest scale of investment in Sudan. CNPC's investment in Sudan covers nearly all upstream and downstream industries, such as exploration, development, production, oil pipelines, refining, petrochemicals, refined oil sales and services.
After Sudan was divided into North and South Sudan in 2011, CNPC's most significant oil producing areas in Sudan are located in the disputed border areas between the two countries, posing potential risks to the production and safety of CNPC personnel.
Chinese enterprises with relatively large scale in Sudan include: petrochina International Nile Company, China Harbour Engineering Company Limited, China International Water and Electric Power Corporation of Three Gorges Corporation, New Era Agricultural Development Co., LTD., Sudan Golden Bridge Mining Co., LTD., Shanghai Sudan Pharmaceutical Co., LTD., Sudan Branch of China Geological Group.39bet-kết quả bóng đá-kết quả xổ số miền bắc-kèo bóng đá -soi cầu bóng đá-đặt cược
The business scope of Chinese enterprises in Sudan mainly involves oil exploration and development, oil drilling, oil refining, engineering contracting, housing construction, mining, hydropower, communications, medicine, automobile, textile, agriculture, agricultural products processing, logistics and transportation and other industries. There are about 200 Chinese companies registered in Sudan.
Currently, there are 23 Chinese companies engaged in mining operations in Sudan, with a cumulative investment of more than US $100 million.
At present, China has invested and developed an agricultural cooperation park in Sudan. As the investor and main operator, Xinhua Agricultural Development Co., Ltd. has invested more than $30 million to build a cotton industry chain integrating cotton cultivation, processing and sales, and is gradually expanding the industry chain of sesame, peanut, castor and other crops.
According to statistics, Chinese enterprises signed 40 new project contracts in Sudan in 2020, with a total value of US $779 million and a turnover of US $317 million. A total of 168 labor workers of various types have been dispatched, and 1,330 were working in Sudan at the end of the year.
The main business of Chinese in Sudan: mining, supermarkets, hotels, hotels, restaurants, hospitals, farms and so on.
Before 2015, there were more than 30,000 Chinese in Sudan. Due to the conflict in Sudan, the number has been declining year by year. In 2019, there were more than 5,000 Chinese, but now there are only about 2,000 Chinese.
In a large Chinese-funded enterprise in Sudan, the price of a construction engineer is about 16,000-20,000 yuan, and that of a mining engineer is about 15,000-25,000 yuan. Carpentry, tile, rebar workers a month salary of about 15,000-18,000.
Sudan has a hot climate, harsh environment, elevated incidence of mosquito infectious diseases such as malaria, and numerous areas have security risks. You should be extra careful when working in Sudan.
At present, most of the Chinese enterprises investing in Sudan have poor returns, many of them have not achieved the expected investment results, and even many of them are operating at a loss.
It is risky to invest in Sudan, therefore pay attention to risk prevention. Besides, the credit status of local businessmen is not excellent, so do not invest lightly. In particular, the local conditions of the mining industry are complex and changeable, so it is necessary to fully understand the local conditions before making investment decisions. In trade, we should also adhere to the principle of payment before delivery to reduce risks and prevent fraud by local people and Chinese.
Sudan is located in the northeast of Africa, facing the Red Sea to the east, covering an area of 1.882 million square kilometers. The Nile River runs through the whole North and south of Sudan, and the Blue Nile River and the White Nile River run through Sudan and meet in Khartoum. It has a population of 44.35 million and its capital is Khartoum.
Sudan is one of the hottest countries in the world. The capital Khartoum is known as the "furnace of the world". The annual average temperature is above 30℃. April to July is the hottest season. The average daytime temperature is above 40℃. The hot season temperature can reach 50℃. The surface temperature can reach 70℃.
Sudan was part of ancient Egypt between 2800 and 1000 BC, when large numbers of Arabs moved into and conquered Sudan, and Islam spread widely. As a result, Sudan is a multi-ethnic region, with Arabs, Bejas, Furs, Nuba and blacks as the main ethnic groups, with Arabs accounting for 70% of the population. The official language is English.
Sudan has a vast territory and abundant resources. In May 2011, Sudan had proven recoverable oil reserves of about 4.5 billion barrels, but 75 percent of them went to the south after the country split in July. Sudan currently produces an estimated 24 million barrels of oil a year and has reserves of 1.3 billion tons. Sudan also has mineral resources of gold, silver, iron, chromium, copper, manganese, lead and zinc. Up to now, more than 150 gold deposits have been discovered, with proven gold reserves of 970 tons, iron ore reserves of 1.25 billion tons and chromium ore reserves of over 100 million tons.
In recent years, Sudan's rich mineral resources and preferential investment policies have attracted the world's attention. Companies from France, Canada, Saudi Arabia, Morocco, India and other countries have flocked to Sudan. At present, there are 460 mining companies in Sudan, most of which are engaged in gold exploration and exploitation of Sudan's animal husbandry resources.
The social security situation in Sudan is generally good. Criminal cases are rare in Khartoum, the capital. However, criminal cases have increased in recent years, especially in remote and unsafe areas.
In 2021, the total value of China's exports to Sudan was $1,816.57 million, while the total value of China's imports from Sudan was $779.81 million. China's trade surplus with Sudan was $1,036.76 million.
China's exports to Sudan mainly include manufactured industrial products, machinery and equipment, vehicles and their parts, textiles, iron and steel products, plastic products, etc.
The main categories of commodities China imports from Sudan include: petroleum, sesame, peanuts, cotton, feed, ore and so on.
According to the data released by the International Monetary Fund in April 2022, the total GDP of Sudan in 2021 is $35.2 billion, and the per capita GDP of Sudan is $773. Sudan is one of the least developed countries in the world.
General manual workers in Sudan are paid $2.5-5 a day and skilled manual workers are paid $7.50 a day. The monthly salary of general office clerks is about $100, and that of advanced technical and managerial personnel is $125-200. The employer's social security contribution is about 17% of the employee's salary.